What are the characteristics of subsistence agriculture? - Geeks for geeks (2023)

Resource farming is a type of farming that essentially uses the common crops or oxen grown to feed the rancher and his family, with almost no surplus available for purchase or exchange. Resource cultivation was practiced by groups of pre-industrial agrarian peoples generally around the world. Part of these people migrated from one place to another as the land in all spaces ran out. Ranchers created a vast array of specific items that they bartered for manufactured goods or sold for money as metropolitan areas expanded, rural manufacturing became more distinctive, and cash farming emerged.

Extensive drilling continues in various regions of the world, including much of sub-Saharan Africa. This means farms are often only a few pieces of land and real estate innovation is essential and yields little. Resource farming falls into two categories: extreme and hard.

Basically, the essential attributes of traditional or subsistence farming are as follows

  • land use:Farms in the usual sense are usually 1 to 3 hectares in size. The products of these small farming activities are mainly used for family needs. Trading factors are overshadowed by using resistance considerations.
  • Construction:Traditional cultivation requires a lot of work per hectare. Media farms utilize most of the family labor. During the busiest time of the year, ordinary farmers can ask for help. Ranch relatives can and will increase their income by working on the farm during some of the slow hours.
  • Energy and Transport:Cattle are the main source of energy in several countries including Pakistan. They plow through the countryside, transport goods and perform manipulation tasks such as crushing candy canes. Most of the innovations used are fundamental and go to waste.
  • Skill and Efficiency:The few data sources, mostly provided by the farmer himself, reflect the management of traditional resources or possessions. For example, farmers do not buy seeds or cow manure. In general, efficiency, yields per hectare and livestock per person are low.
  • Coincidence and reasonableness:Traditional farmers are financially conscious. They may be motivated to work with their standard of living. The change is not off-putting to medium-sized farmers, but the proposed changes should fit with their current farming strategies. Traditional farmers are really willing to play in their farming tasks to a limited extent, using up-to-date sources of information.
  • Benefits and way of life:The wages and lifestyle of the subsistence farmers are regularly below the poverty line.
    Freedom simply decides: The dynamics of the media builders are limited. Your freedom on earth and at home is severely restricted.
  • Labor of domesticated animals:Traditional agricultural frameworks rely heavily on animals. Ranching protects rancher families in a unique way. The creatures are like investment accounts. Farmers invest their extra money in them. When they reach development, they can be used in case of poor harvest or for various purposes, such as. B. Weddings, sold or consumed. Raw material farmers have unrestricted access to meat, milk and eggs, among other things. Fertilizer, Gas and Storage: In many less developed countries, animal feces are an important source of manure and fuel. Animal skins and sheep hair are used to make clothing and coats.
  • Social and social reasons:Cattle, goats, ponies, camels and other common animals are greatly valued in several less developed countries for social and social reasons. The number and type of children claimed by a family determine its social status.
  • External contact degree:Subsistence farmers have fewer connections to people from neighboring settlements.
  • Big Waste of Wealth:Subsistence farming wastes many commodities and products due to inadequate farming strategies, lack of transportation and storage.
  • Vulnerability Component:The level of fantasy in cultivating resources is extremely high. A farmer's business disappears when at least one important crop fails.

Characteristics of primitive or migratory subsistence agriculture

Talented seniors often choose their arrival points in jungles. With regard to the most prominent residues, slopes are chosen. Many programs are watched in the outer distribution areas of the country, far away from the main living areas of the population. This is partly for demonstrable reasons, as the expansion of more modern farmers to better, lower-lying land has resulted in most farmers moving to less favorable locations. Your isolation stifles your progress and makes it difficult for new thoughts to break through. Forests are cleared with fire whenever possible, and the ash increases soil fertility. The men cut down trees that are not marked or let them rot normally. Agribusiness cut and consume is another term to start editing. Developed regions are usually small, ranging from 0.5 to 1 hectare (1 to 3 land sections), and are isolated from each other by dense forests or vegetation.

Rounding out the development are basic moves like sticks and cultivators instead of hardware or even drought creatures. Clearing requires a lot of hard work to provide enough food for a few individuals. Despite the negligible regard for the crops once planted, no other type of farming wastes so much human energy and is essentially so unrewarding as gardening on the go. Few plants are grown in transports. The main crops are soft food sources such as cream, cassava, cassava, yams, corn, corn, millet, dry rice, beans and plantains. Plants are planted in predetermined patches and between different plants from time to time so that plants can be harvested to provide food all year round. Each of the properties basically grows similar plants.

For a long time, the cultivation of cultivated plants is replaced by fallow land. Fields are abandoned and new regions cleared when crops are no longer able to support the local environment due to brittle soil or infestation with weeds and shrubs. Instead of rotating the crop, the "field pivot" is used. Despite efforts by local state administrations to bring indigenous people to the rainforest, this type of temporary horticulture continues to support large numbers of them. Some of the critical reasons for moving are depletion of soil supplies, destruction of fragile bamboo houses and onslaught of insect infestation, disease or wild creatures.

Characteristics of intensive subsistence farming

  • Exceptionally small goods:Farms have been dissolved for too long, resulting in small businesses that often aren't cheap to pay for. In Japan, a typical farm usually covers 0.6 hectares (1.5 land sections), while farms in India and other parts of Asia can be generally more modest. Individual workers mainly farm to provide for their families, however some surplus crops are sold at certain points. In China, however, major rural changes took place during the land upheaval of 1949, when small farms merged into large assemblies under the socialist organization.
  • The culture is extremely concentrated:Asian monsoon farmers are so "land-hungry" that they use every last piece of plowed land for gardening. The main thing that isolates the fields are the small rocky outcrops and carefully laid paths that farmers use to move around their plots.
  • A lot of physical work is the key:Growing wet rice generally requires a lot of physical labor. Furrowed with bison, the fields scraped by hand, the rice meticulously laid in ideal lines by the women, the harvest finished with scythes and the sifting done the hard way.
  • Fertilizers for animals and plants:Farmers use every type of compost imaginable, including agricultural waste, spoiled vegetables, decorations, fish waste, guano, animal droppings (particularly from pig pens and chicken coops), and human excrement to ensure high yields and continued prosperity.
  • Dominance of rice and other food crops:In serious resource horticulture, rice is the most common crop. Paddy cannot be infused with this Asian monsoon mood due to differences in relief, temperature, soil and other topographical considerations.

sample questions

Question 1: What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial farming?


Commercial farming is where crops are grown and animals are brought in for commercial purposes, although resource farming is where crops are grown primarily for the needs of the farming family.

Question 2: Describe the many strategies for growing resources.


Media culture and commercial culture are the two main types of culture. The main reason for growing media is to meet the needs of the farmer's loved ones. As a result, the techniques used are often obsolete. Utilization of the current innovation is negligible and most of the show is done with the task. A farmer develops a small area of ​​land with negligible hardware and a ton of horticulture work by extraordinary means. Under ideal circumstances, more than one crop will be grown each year. The main crop is rice. This type of agribusiness can be found in densely populated parts of the rainy areas of South, Southeast and East Asia. One type of ancient farming medium is known as mobile development.

Question 3: Describe the elements of essential resource horticulture in India.


The following are the essential resource horticultural attributes of India:

  • It is performed on small lots with old instruments.
  • The exercises used are mostly regular, like the excavator, the dao, and the digging stick.
  • This type of cultivation is totally dependent on the storm.
  • When soil fertility decreases, farmers move to another piece of land.

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